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Wet Process (European Prep)

Coffee Processing Glossary

In the wet process, the fruit is removed before the beans are dried. Sometimes called European Prep (EP).

Coffee cherries are sorted in water. Bad or unripe fruit will float and the ripe fruit will sink. Mechanically pressing the fruit in water through a screen removes the skin and some of the pulp. The remaining pulp is removed with scrubbing machines, or by fermenting the beans and then thoroughly washing them. Fermentation can be done in water or in the fruit's own juices and takes from 2 to 3 days to complete.

After drying, the parchment is removed in the hulling process.

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